Depression is more than just feeling sad or going through a rough patch. It’s a serious mental health condition that requires understanding and medical care. Left untreated, depression can be devastating for the people who have it and for their families. Some people have only one episode in a lifetime, but for most people depression recurs. Without treatment, episodes may last a few months to several years.
The presentation of children up to 12 years of age with chronic, severe persistent irritability and frequent episodes of extreme behavioral dyscontrol. Children with this symptom pattern typically develop depressive or anxiety disorders as they mature into adolescent and adulthood.
Characterized by discrete episodes of at least 2 weeks duration involving clear-cut daily changes in affect, cognition, and daily functions such as eating, sleeping and hygiene. Careful consideration is given to the delineation of normal sadness and grief.
Persistent Depressive Disorder is a depressed mood that occurs for most of the day, for more days than not, for at least 2 years in adults or 1 year in children.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder begins sometime following ovulation and remits within a few days of menses and has marked impact on functioning. The essential features are the expression of mood lability, irritability, dysphoria, and anxiety symptoms that occur repeatedly during the premenstrual phase of the cycle.
Also known as talk therapy or psychological counseling, psychotherapy involves working with a therapist to reduce your anxiety symptoms. It can be an effective treatment for anxiety.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective form of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders. Generally, a short-term treatment, CBT focuses on teaching you specific skills to improve your symptoms and gradually return to the activities you've avoided because of anxiety.
CBT includes exposure therapy, in which you gradually encounter the object or situation that triggers your anxiety so you build confidence that you can manage the situation and anxiety symptoms.
Your doctor may recommend combining two antidepressants or adding medications such as mood stabilizers or antipsychotics. Anti-anxiety and stimulant medications also may be added for short-term use.
Take steps to control stress, to increase your resilience and boost your self-esteem.
Reach out to family and friends, especially in times of crisis, to help you weather rough spells.
Get treatment at the earliest sign of a problem to help prevent depression from worsening.
Consider getting long-term maintenance treatment to help prevent a relapse of symptoms.
Visit our Get Help page to learn about options for receiving immediate help.
Schedule an appointment to meet with a licensed counselor.